• Aslıhan Yürüktümen
  • Özgür Karcıoğlu
  • Cüneyt Ayrık
  • Tanzer Korkmaz

Eurasian J Emerg Med 2004;3(4):9-13

The act of breathing is all the vital functions that affects by automatic centers located in the brainstem and voluntary signals initiated in the cortex. Dyspnea is an unpleasent or uncomfortable sensation of breathing.

The homeostatic systems involved in the regulation of respiration provide for understanding the mechanism of dyspnea. The sense of respiratory effort and perceive to this sense is first mechanism that considered to have a role in dyspnea. The relation of hypercapnia with dyspnea is not clear. There is poorly correlation hypoxia with dyspnea.

There is very much reasons for dyspnea. Therefore, complete past medical history and examination is very important for patients evaluation. Priority problem in most of case is for cardiac, pulmonary and neuromusculer disease and these are recognized with past medical history and a careful examination. There are many diagnostic tests that used to determine of dyspnea reasons and grades and these tests define to disease and introduce to disease degree in emergency room. After complete past medical history, examination and laboratory variables can be required.

Keywords: Dyspnea, pathophysiology, clinical